The Wisconsin legislature enacted 2019 Wisconsin Act 90 on February 5, 2020. The Act expands the provider types that can determine whether a person is incapacitated for purposes of activating a power of attorney for health care, declare that a patient has a terminal illness or is in a persistent vegetative state for purposes of invoking a living will.
Under prior law, an incapacity determination could only be made by two physicians, or by one physician and one licensed psychologist. Under the new law, an incapacity determination may be made by two physicians, or by one physician and one of the following individuals: i) a licensed psychologist; ii) a registered nurse who is currently certified as a nurse practitioner by a national certifying body approved by the Board of Nursing; or iii) a licensed physician assistant (PA) who a physician responsible for overseeing the PA’s practice affirms is competent to conduct evaluations of the capacity of patients to manage health care decisions. The new law does not affect the other applicable criteria for determining that a person is incapacitated, including that the providers must still personally examine the patient and cannot be a relative or have a claim to a portion of the person’s estate.
According to State Representative Patrick Snyder, who helped introduce the legislation, several communities in Wisconsin depend solely on advanced practice clinicians, like PAs and registered nurses, for their care because the closest physicians are many miles away and, for these communities, and others that rely heavily on advanced practice clinicians, the Act will allow for a continuity of care that was prohibited under prior law.
If you previously signed a power of attorney for health care or living will under the prior law, you may consider having your document reviewed and potentially updated if you wish to take advantage of this recent law change.