The thought of preparing an estate plan can be overwhelming. This is especially true if you are completing the estate planning process for the first time. You may have a long list of questions or perhaps you may not know where to begin. An experienced estate planning attorney can help guide you through the process. There are several things you can do to help ensure your first meeting with that attorney is as productive as possible.
Compile a List of your Assets and Liabilities.
There is no one-size-fits-all solution in estate planning. Your individual family, assets and goals should guide your plan. When preparing for your initial meeting to discuss your estate plan, it is very helpful to bring a list of your current assets and liabilities. Some examples of assets are: funds in savings accounts, owned vehicles and retirement accounts. Some examples of liabilities are: taxes owed, credit card debt and mortgage debt. In addition to current values, it is also important to provide the attorney with information regarding how the assets are titled and whether you have any existing beneficiary designations. This information will help the attorney recommend the most appropriate plan for you and discuss estate tax and probate avoidance concerns.
Consider Who You Want to Play a Role in Your Estate Plan.
To have a comprehensive estate plan, you must nominate people and/or entities to act in certain capacities on your behalf. Below is a list of some of the different roles they may play in your estate plan as well as some considerations to think about before your initial appointment.
- Personal Representative. Your personal representative, also known as your executor, will handle the settlement of your estate upon your death. In most instances, the personal representative selects an attorney for the estate and works with that attorney throughout the process.
- Guardian. Perhaps the biggest decision for people with minor children is the selection of a guardian. This is the person who will be responsible for the care and custody of your minor children upon your death. The guardian of the estate oversees the child’s property, while the guardian of the child is responsible for the child’s day-to-day care.
- Trustee. Depending on the size and complexity of your estate, there are several trusts that may be appropriate for your circumstances. Some trusts are created in a separate document, while some are integrated right into your will. When there are minor children, we always recommend some form of trust for their protection. The trustee will be responsible for managing the assets of the trust, employing advisors to help with the trust, generally tracking the beneficiary’s needs and ensuring the trust is administered according to its terms.
- Durable General Power of Attorney. A Durable General Power of Attorney nominates an agent and alternate agent to act on your behalf regarding the management of your property and other financial issues. You may establish your Durable General Power of Attorney to be effective immediately or to become effective at a later time when you voluntarily activate it or when a physician certifies that you are incapacitated.
- Health Care Power of Attorney. A Health Care Power of Attorney allows you to name an agent and an alternate agent to make health care decisions on your behalf if appropriate medical personnel certify that you are incapacitated, including end of life decision-making.
Decide on Your Beneficiaries.
Perhaps it goes without saying but an essential part of any estate plan is designating who you wish to leave your assets to upon your death. Prior to your initial meeting, you should consider who you want to name as the primary and contingent beneficiaries in your estate plan. Also, you can leave a bequest (property given to someone through a will) to a beneficiary in a variety of ways. You may leave a beneficiary a specific asset or dollar amount. Alternatively, you may name beneficiaries to receive a percentage of your overall estate. Finally, you should consider whether you want your beneficiaries to receive their bequests outright, or if you want to place certain restrictions on the bequests to help ensure the funds are managed appropriately for minor beneficiaries or those with special needs. This can often be accomplished by using a variety of different trusts that fit your situation.
When you have completed the above steps and you have your documents in order, please reach out to one of our experienced estate planning attorneys, they would be happy to assist you.